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Old-House Online » Old-House Tips, Restoration Stories, & More » House Tours » Authentic Gaslights in a Capitol Hill Victorian

Authentic Gaslights in a Capitol Hill Victorian

The gaslights are still gaslit in this 1891 Queen Anne tower house in Washington, D.C. By Brian D. Coleman | Photos by Erik Kvalsvik

    A view from the back parlor hints at the collection of Victorian lighting and antiques. A lamp on the center table below is connected, in the Victorian fashion, to the gasolier above by a rubber hose.

    Twenty years ago, he’ll readily admit, Dan Mattausch knew little about period architecture, never mind lighting. But he knew a time capsule when he saw one. For a long time, he and his wife Nancy had admired an imposing, red-brick Queen Anne house on a Capitol Hill corner in Washington, D.C.

    Curious, the couple peeked inside one Sunday afternoon during a real-estate open house. Most visitors were exclaiming in dismay at the piles of crumbled plaster on the floors, and the report that the house had no heat, no running water, and no electricity. Dan and Nancy exclaimed, too—in amazement and delight.

    The Victorian woodwork included massive pocket doors (tacked into the walls but with keys still in the locks); speaking tubes that had summoned servants long departed still ran through the walls; expansive rooms included bays, tower niches, and odd angles. (The footprint of the house is unusual, thanks to Pierre L’Enfant, architect of the District, whose wide, diagonal streets created odd-shaped lots; this house sits on a trapezoidal corner lot and is thus nearly twice as wide at the back as at the front.) There were 10 fireplaces. But most intriguing of all, the gaslights were in working order.

    After they bought the once-grand house, Nancy and Dan found that it had quite an illustrious past. Built in 1891, it was the home of George Bruce Cortelyou, the Secretary of the Treasury and Chief of Staff to Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt, both of whom visited here. Other well-known government officials have occupied the house, but somehow it was never altered. (One Congressman’s plans to turn it into a swinging bachelor pad during the 1970s fell through when he married his secretary.) By the 1990s the house had been empty for a decade and was in danger of being demolished.

    Fascinated by the extant Victorian-period gas lighting, Dan tried to learn more by poring through period catalogs and consulting decorative-arts experts. He soon found that no one could answer all of his questions, so he turned to his academic training and began to research the subject himself. He eventually found more than 5,000 U.S. patents on lighting (recently available online at Historic lighting became not only Dan’s passion but also his career: He’s now responsible for the lighting collection at the Smithsonian National Museum of American History, and consults as a historic-lighting expert to individuals and institutions.

    The house’s most spectacular gaslight fixture hangs in the front parlor.

    Dan made preservation of the house’s gas lighting part of the restoration. In the front parlor, a 12-arm Cornelius & Baker gas ceiling fixture, ca. 1868, now hangs as the focal point. Its magnificent brasswork gleams in the flicker of the gas jets. First, though, the parlor needed work.

    Its only furniture at the time of purchase was an old lawn mower, and the dust was so thick, the couple left footprints in it. Original oak woodwork, which includes carved columns, was cleaned with mineral spirits and polished with paste wax. The muted gray walls were left untouched to become a neutral backdrop for period lighting and Victorian antiques.

    The tower room that adjoins the parlor has become a Turkish corner, centered on a tête-a-tête, or “confidential,” along with the requisite stuffed peacock. Exotic pieces reveal the owners’ travels. A canopy of oil lamps hangs from the ceiling, which is tented with a Laura Ashley cotton.

    The back parlor is filled with vintage lighting, from the sparkling collection of glass oil lamps on the piano to the ornate combination gas/electric chandelier, ca. 1890. (Electric lighting was expensive at first, turned on only for guests; gas was more economical and reliable.)

    Beyond the back parlor, the dining room beckons with its oriental-style window conservatory filled with plants. The bay is hung with scarce Victorian paper lanterns. (These were illuminated with candles, and most went up in flames.) The floor-to-ceiling china cabinets, scrubbed and polished, brim with an assortment of Victorian china and silver. A few pieces are original to the house, a gift of Cortelyou’s grand-daughter. In a stroke of good luck, this room’s original gas/electric brass chandelier was located in a local salvage shop and brought home.

    To find the perfect lighting for your home, browse Period Style Lighting in the Products & Services Directory.

    Published in: Old-House Interiors November/December 2011


    Connie Cain January 28, 2012 at 1:43 pm

    Dan & Nancy, This is fabulous. We have enjoyed listening, reading and watching your house and lights develop. Next time you are in Phoenix we have an old house that looks much like yours. A dosolet (or whatever the name is) is a friend of your dad and us from high school days. She was my typing class teacher for two years. We have been through her house twice. We love it. We hope to see yours someday.
    Connie & David Cain

    Davis Griffith-Cox December 30, 2012 at 10:21 pm

    Dan & Nancy, Seeing your home is like a trip back in time. So tastefully and thoughtfully conceived. I too am involved with a project which I would like to share with you: I am attempting to turn my great grandparents home (circa 1845) into a museum and research center. It has five generations of family furnishings. The music room has working gas lights, the every day dining room in the basement sports a “punkah” over the table and an inside functioning water well.( the formal dining room is on the first floor) The home was a pace setter in its day with half screens on the interior of Greek Revival windows and an indoor bathroom replete with all the “porcelain facilities” . over 200 photos are posted along with almost daily comments on Victorian lifestyle on our business Facebook page listed above.(Griffith Homeplace Museum) Do look us up. It is a slow go with limited funds, but I am restoring one room at a time as I know the provenance of every item and the family kept meticulous records of their tasteful interior. After looking it up,do be in touch with me, as I always want to know other kindred souls. I grew up there and even today feel like I lived in the 19th century. As a retired Univ. Prof. I used to teach this sort of thing. Alas, mine is the story of the cobbler’s shoes since limited funds don’t allow me to do for my own projects what I have been able to do for so many others and where money is of little concern. As no doubt with yourselves, the project is never complete…but the journey is rewarding! Best regards, Davis Griffith-Cox 803 First St. Terrell,TX 75160 tel. 972-563-6526

    David November 18, 2015 at 8:22 pm

    Very interesting and enjoyable article. I, too, have been fascinated by gas lights from a young age back in the 1950s. I think it was the movie “Gaslight” that sparked my interest and whenever I was in an older home in Baltimore I would always be looking for the old gaslight connections. I did own a circa 1900 house on the west side for a few years. Unfortunately, the house had work done in some of the rooms and the integrity of the pipes behind the walls and ceilings was in question, plus the pipe feeding the lights had been cut in the basement just beyond the meter. You have a very unique house in this day and age to still have its gas lighting intact. Just have to mention, that single burner wall sconce pictured, that also feeds a table lamp, is one of the most interesting gas light fixtures I have ever seen. Thank you for sharing your home restoration story.

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